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Poor self‐reported sleep is associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease: A cross‐sectional analysis in half a million adults

European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 2021

Abstract

The study investigates the association between self-reported sleep characteristics and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in over half a million Spanish workers. 

The research highlights ‘poor sleep,’ defined by excessively short or long sleep duration, unrestful sleep, or problems falling asleep, as a significant concern among the participants, with 33% reporting such conditions. 

Findings reveal that poor sleep is linked with a higher likelihood of all individual CVD risk factors, especially physical inactivity, which showed approximately a three-fold increase in prevalence among poor sleepers. All distinct sleep characteristics were found to be associated with the presence of two or more CVD risk factors. Participants reporting optimal sleep conditions had a lower total CVD risk score compared to those with poor sleep. 

The research concludes that poor sleep is a significant risk factor for CVD, underscoring the importance of monitoring and improving sleep patterns for primary CVD prevention.

The study indicates a link between poor sleep and increased cardiovascular disease risk, emphasizing the need for sleep improvements in health strategies and policies.

Where does it apply?

The findings linking poor sleep and cardiovascular disease risk can impact healthcare practices, public health policies, health-related research, workplace wellness programs, and preventive medicine strategies.

Poor self‐reported sleep is associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease: A cross‐sectional analysis in half a million adults

Why does it matters?

The findings of this study matter as they highlight the critical link between poor sleep characteristics and an increased likelihood of major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. 

Sleep is a modifiable behavior, meaning that interventions can feasibly target improvement in sleep patterns. Recognizing poor sleep as a significant risk factor for CVD can pave the way for incorporating sleep assessments and improvement strategies into primary prevention plans for cardiovascular diseases. 

Understanding this association could also lead to earlier identification and management of CVD risk in individuals with poor sleep.

Overall, these insights could contribute to reducing the prevalence and impact of cardiovascular diseases, a leading cause of death worldwide.

Poor self‐reported sleep is associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease: A cross‐sectional analysis in half a million adults

European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 2021

Poor self‐reported sleep is associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease: A cross‐sectional analysis in half a million adults

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